Every year, more than 4.5 million Americans — more than half of which are children — are bitten by dogs. As part of the National Dog Bite Prevention Week coalition, adults are encouraged to protect both children and dogs, and learn the importance of responsible pet ownership.
Dogs can bite for many reasons, including improper care and/or a lack of socialization. All dogs, even well-trained, gentle dogs, are capable of biting when provoked, especially when eating, sleeping or caring for their puppies. Even when a bite is superficial or classified as “provoked,” the dog in question may be abandoned or euthanized, so it’s important to keep both children and dogs safe by preventing dog bites wherever possible.
To reduce the number of injuries to people and the risk of relinquishment of dogs who bite, here are some suggestions:
- Never approach an unknown dog or a dog that is alone without an owner, and always ask for permission before petting a dog.
- Never approach an injured animal – find an adult who can get help.
- Never approach a dog that is eating, sleeping or nursing puppies.
- Don’t ever poke, hit, pull, pinch or tease a dog.
For Dog Owners:
- Never leave a baby or small child alone with a dog, even if it is a family pet.
- Interactions between children and dogs should always be monitored to ensure the safety of both your child and your dog.
- Teach your children to treat the dog with respect and not to engage in rough or aggressive play.
- Make sure your pet is socialized as a young puppy so it feels at ease around people and other animals.
- Never put your dog in a position where she or he feels threatened.
- Walk and exercise your dog regularly to keep them healthy and to provide mental stimulation.
- Use a leash in public to ensure you are able to control your dog.
- Regular veterinary care is essential to maintain your dog’s health; a sick or injured dog is more likely to bite.
- Be alert, if someone approaches you and your dog – caution them to wait before petting the dog, give your pet time to be comfortable with a stranger.
Dogs provide humans with so much, including love, comfort, and protection. But it’s up to us humans to be good friends to dogs as well, by following these safety tips and protecting ourselves, our children, and dogs from the dangers and consequences of dog bites.